But aside from these, there are a few more life-threatening diseases that structure the list. The Indian healthcare system has been successful in eradicating many of the fatal diseases like smallpox, polio, leprosy, etc. but still, the diseases on the list affect about 60% of the Indian population annually.
Recovering from such diseases may be a difficult process; physically, mentally, and financially also. Several insurance policies are designed to financially aid the masses, but a general awareness about these diseases and their coverage is low.
Here we are getting to mention the 5 diseases that are liable for most deaths in India.
1. Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) :
This is a category of diseases that involves the guts and therefore the associated blood vessels. The blockage of the vessels causes decreased blood flow to the guts and eventually stops working. Although preventable, this accounts for nearly 25% of the deaths within the country. Lifestyle risk factors, socio-economic changes, etc. are major causes of the increase of CVD.
Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases
Shortness of breath
Chest pain and chest discomfort
Pain within the upper abdomen, neck, back, throat, jaw
Pain or numbness in your arms, and legs
Causes of Cardiovascular Diseases
High BP or Cholesterol
Preventive Measures and Diets for CVD
Monitor your weight
Keep a check of your Cholesterol and BP
Due to blockage of arteries, the blood supply to the brain is greatly reduced resulting in oxygen deprivation within the brain and causing death within minutes
Symptoms of Stroke
Sudden weakness or numbness within the face, arm, or leg
Trouble seeing from one or both the eyes
Severe headache with no known cause
Sudden confusion, difficulty in speaking or understanding
Causes of Stroke
People with high BP, high cholesterol
Diabetes are at higher risk
Preventive Measures and Diets for Stroke
Control vital sign
Maintain a healthy lifestyle
3. Tuberculosis (TB) :
It is a highly contagious bacterial disease affecting the lungs. It accounts for about 10% of the death per annum. It becomes more deadly because the patient can remain asymptomatic for the day before the sign starts the exposure. This disease is more dominant within the Indian Subcontinent.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
Coughing up blood
Unintentional weight loss
Causes of Tuberculosis
Traveling or living in certain areas
Saliva droplets spreading from person to person when the infected person coughs or sneezes
Preventive Measures and Diets for Tuberculosis
Avoid close contact with people where infected could also be seen as an example hospitals
Screening for those that have a high risk
Vaccinations if you’re infected so that it doesn’t spread
4. Malignant and other tumors:
Tumour may be a broad term and refers to the uncontrollable division of cells in any part of your body. The tumors are often malignant altering your body’s immunity and causing other fatal changes. this is often deadly thanks to its diagnosis only in late critical stages when the infection has spread throughout the body.
Symptoms of Malignant and Other Tumours
In the early stages, malignant tumors usually don’t show any symptoms. the primary symptom is typically an easy lump.
Causes of Malignant and Other Tumours
Exposure to chemical or toxic compounds
Preventive Measures of Malignant and Other Tumours
Eat healthy food
Get regular immunization
Maintain a healthy weight
5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD may be a long-term lung disease that causes the patients difficulty in breathing. Not only in India, but COPD is liable for taking the lives of many across the planet.
Symptoms of COPD
Frequent respiratory infections
Swelled ankles, legs, or feet
Shortness of breath
Causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Smoking or second-hand smoke
Chemical fumes and other lung irritants
Anyone within the family linked to COPD
History of respiratory infections during childhood
Preventive Measures and Diets for COPD
Do not smoke
Know your case history
While an entire cure is difficult to seek out, one can always delay the progression of the disease with access to proper healthcare and medical facilities.